Functions not happening include some routine food inspections, timely release of market-moving agriculture data, and USA reviews needed for initial public offerings of stocks.
But there was another election, in November, and the outcome of that is that Democrats now control the House and they refuse to give Trump money for a wall.
Although the president is now frustrated with the inaction of the Democrats, he does think this standstill could help Republicans in 2020.
"How do you negotiate with the speaker of the house when she tells you even if you open up the government, we are not going to give you but $1 for the wall?"
For context, CNN compared Trump's approval rating in January 2019 with the approval rating of President Ronald Reagan in January 1983.
President Donald Trump broke his Twitter silence on Sunday morning to rant that Democrats for failing to bow to his desire for a wall - then accused them of neglecting their jobs and "having fun" while he waits in the Oval Office.
While declaring a national emergency is not completely off the table, Trump backed away from his threat Friday, saying he'd rather work it out with Congress. People close to the President said fears about a sharp backlash from lawmakers played a significant factor in this, despite Sen.
The "wall plus" plan could include an extension of temporary protected status for about 400,000 immigrants in the USA because of disasters back home in El Salvador and elsewhere, and renewable three-year work permits for young, undocumented "Dreamers", he said.
The increase in support is sharpest among Republicans, whose backing for Trump's long-standing campaign promise jumped 16 points in the past year, from 71 percent to 87 percent. Milstead said a barrier of steel slats that border agents can see through and animals and waters can pass through - much like what exists at the border now - could work. "We believe the government should be opened".
If the shutdown continues for several months, as the president has threatened, 38 percent of Americans say they would consider that a crisis, 41 percent say it would be a serious problem but not a crisis, and 18 percent say it would not be a serious problem.
"I actually want to see this wall get built", Johnson said.
Officials say there have been no major delays and no impact on national security.
"What we don't want to do is waste taxpayer money on a vanity project that's ineffective that the president said Mexico would pay for, " Kaine said.
The partial shutdown became the longest on record at midnight Friday, when it overtook a 21-day stretch in 1995-1996 under president Bill Clinton. While McConnell has been part of the process, he was not present outside the White House last week after talks between Trump and congressional leaders collapsed. Some 10,000 air traffic controllers in the US have been working without pay since December 22.
Working without pay, TSA employees have been calling in sick in increasing numbers since the shutdown began. "If enough Dems don't vote, it will be a Democrat Shutdown!"