Trump said China had refused to change the unfair practices that hurt USA businesses and workers.
"President Trump is a hard-hitting businessman, and he tries to put pressure on China so he can get concessions from our negotiations".
Collection of tariffs on the long-anticipated list will start on September 24, but the rate will increase to 25 per cent by the end of this year. USA tariffs on $200 billion more in Chinese goods begin September 24 at 10 percent, then would rise to 25 percent on January 1. China has retaliated in kind.
According to Bloomberg, Chinese Vice Premier Liu He will hold a meeting in Beijing on Tuesday morning to discuss the government's response.
Apple and Amazon.com bore the brunt of investor worries about the tariffs, which were on a list unveiled in July that included $200 billion worth of internet technology products, other electronics, printed circuit boards and consumer goods.
The latest round of imports will face 10 percent tariffs through the end of the year, and then the rate will jump to 25 percent.
After taking in public comments, the administration said today that it had withdrawn several items from an earlier list of $200 billion in Chinese imports, including child-safety products like bicycle helmets.
"Tariffs increase the cost of our United States operations, divert our resources, and disadvantage Apple compared to foreign competitors". US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin invited top Chinese officials to a new round of talks last week, but thus far nothing has been scheduled.
"We have been very clear about the type of changes that need to be made, and we have given China every opportunity to treat us more fairly", Trump said in his statement.
The Donald Trump administration is for the first time publicly planning for a trade spat that drags into 2019 and possibly beyond.
"That's why we continue to urge everybody, whether they are those who engage in market distorting subsidies, or whether they are those who might talk about or pursue multi-lateral tariff actions, to think carefully about the consequences of doing so".
It brings all Chinese imports subject to added tariffs to $250 billion, roughly half of China's shipments to the U.S. previous year.
Trump declared on Twitter that the tariff increases he has imposed have boosted the USA economy, the world's largest. The Office of the US Trade Representative concluded after an investigation that China's tactics range from requiring US and other foreign companies to hand over technology in return for access to the vast Chinese market to outright cyber-theft.
China's yuan currency slipped 0.3 percent against the US dollar in Asian trade on Tuesday.
The list slated for tariffs originally included more than 6,000 items, but USA officials later removed about 300 types of items, including smart watches, bicycle helmets, play pens, high chairs and baby auto seats.
Also spared from the tariffs were Chinese inputs for US-produced chemicals used in manufacturing, textiles and agriculture.
But the adjustments did little to appease technology and retail groups who argued that the tariffs would hit consumers hard. "And they can't take actions that entirely flout the rules of the worldwide trading system", the official said. In July, 25 percent tariffs on bearings and some Global Positioning System units took effect, and in August, Chinese-made e-bikes and e-bike motors were hit with a 25 percent tariff.
Oil prices rebounded from earlier losses as supply concerns outweighed assurances from Washington that Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United States can raise output fast enough to offset falling supplies from Iran and elsewhere.
The vast majority of economists say that tariffs increase the cost of goods to companies and consumers without a meaningful improvement for domestic industries that benefit from reduced competition, because the higher prices subsequently charged reduce demand.