That followed the 23-year-old's five for 24 in the first Twenty20 worldwide against England at Old Trafford on July 3 - a series India won 2-1.
The three-match ODI series starts at Trent Bridge, with the second game taking place at Lords on Saturday.
Over the past few years, Trent Bridge has been a happy hunting ground for England and they have dominated every team in this venue in every format of the game. "I think both the games there has been more turn than on the grounds that we have played on and that is one thing probably that we have identified", said Morgan.
England's Jos Buttler celebrates after scoring a half-century against India during the first ODI at Nottingham.
One day after losing a Fifa World Cup semifinal, the Indian cricket team have heaped more misery on hurting England sports fans.
But on Thursday, albeit with opener Alex Hales missing with a side injury that has ruled him out of the entire series, Yadav removed an England top three of Jason Roy, Test skipper Joe Root and Jonny Bairstow in a stunning spell of three wickets for five runs in 10 balls.
Both the teams have been in good form in the ODIs.
Root's recent form - he had managed nine runs in the previous two games in the series - may have counted against him, but Morgan confirmed the decision to go with Stokes was purely down to his abilities with the ball.
"I am sure those two will have lots of conversations about the role of being England cricket captain whether it is a red or a white ball". I've got to make sure I keep putting the work in and those limited opportunities I do get, keep trying to perform, keep my name as current as I can in that format. It can't have been an easy one for them to make but that is part and parcel of having a really strong squad. "The key is when you have players in your side under pressure, the honest answer for me is your support and back your players publicly".
Another big score is expected on Thursday, but Root has dismissed suggestions England are ready to break their own ODI record.
"I think it is risky to start thinking too far ahead (in terms of predicting high scores)". We knew it was a good wicket to play on. Joe Root has been handed the responsibility of leading England Test side for a year since the 2017 series against South Africa.
The match started with both Jason Roy (38) and Jonny Bairstow (38) launching into Yadav and debutant Siddarth Kaul (0/62 in 10 overs) with a flurry of boundaries.
India sit second in the rankings and Root expects a hard tussle following a 2-1 T20 series defeat.
World number two India have not lost an ODI series since January 2016 and Sharma added: "This team likes chasing down targets".